Chelmsford TUC

History

Chelmsford’s Working Class History

In the case of organisations the dates shown are those of foundation

1785
Chelmsford Society of Cordwainers.

1814
The Chelmsford Society of Carpenters and Joiners seek registration as a Friendly Society.

1824
The Combination Acts are repealed.

1838
The "People’s Charter issued and the Chelmsford Working Men’s Association formed.

1847
The Quaker, Anne Knight, a local resident, writes the first leaflet on Women’s Suffrage; Chelmsford Co-operative Coal Society.

1861
The only union in Chelmsford - The Friendly Society of Skinners.

1867
Chelmsford Star Co-operative Society.

1885
Chelmsford Amalgamated Society of Engineers.

1886
Chelmsford National Union of Teachers.

1892
Chelmsford General Union of Carpenters and Joiners; Chelmsford Labour League.

1893
Chelmsford United Builders’ Labourers; Operative Bricklayers’ Society.

1897
Chelmsford Amalgamated Society of House Decorators and Painters.

1899
Chelmsford Trades Council.

1900
Chelmsford Railway Clerks’ Association.

1903
Chelmsford National Amalgamated Union of Shop Assistants, Warehousemen and Clerks.

1905
Chelmsford National Association of Operative Plasterers.

1906
Chelmsford Women’s Co-operative Guild.

1910
Chelmsford Co-operative Men’s Guild; Chelmsford Socialist Society.

1911
Chelmsford Amalgamated Union of Co-operative Employees.

1913
Chelmsford Amalgamated Toolmakers; Chelmsford Workers’ Union; Chelmsford Labour Party.

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Chelmsford Workers’ Union 1913

1914
Chelmsford National Union of Railwaymen; Men’s Adult School.

1917
Essex Federation of Trades Councils; Chelmsford Workers Education Association; NALGO (Essex County Officers’ Association).

1918
First woman elected to the Management Committee of Chelmsford Star Co-operative Society. Mid-Essex Constituency Labour Party; Chelmsford Typographical Association; Chelmsford Electrical Trades Union; Springfield Agricultural and Rural Workers’ Union.

1919
Chelmsford Independent Labour Party; Federation of Essex Labour Parties; Chelmsford Association of Shipbuilding and Engineering Draughtsmen; a soup kitchen is provided for Chelmsford’s unemployed and the Workers’ Union demonstrate.

1920
Chelmsford Hands Off Russia Committee; Chelmsford Union of Post Office Workers.

1921
Chelmsford Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers. Chelmsford Unemployed Committee.

1922
First National Conference of Trades Councils.

1923
International Co-operative Day is established.

1925
Writtle National Union of Agricultural Workers.

1926
General Strike; Miners’ and Children’s Relief Fund Committee; Chelmsford National Union of General and Municipal Workers.

1927
Chelmsford Trade Union Defence Committee; Chelmsford National Association of Local Government Officers.

1929
Chelmsford Post Office Engineering Union; Chelmsford League of Youth.

1932
Chelmsford Unemployed Association; Hunger Marchers arrive in Chelmsford on their way to London.

1933
Chelmsford Communist Party.

1934
Hunger Marchers arrive in Chelmsford once again on their way to London; Unity against Fascism Committee.

1936
Chelmsford Civil Service Clerical Association; Hunger Marchers return to Chelmsford; Spanish Medical Aid Committee.

1937
Eastern National Bus Strike.

Eastern National Bus Strike 1937 1938
Chelmsford Workers’ Education Association and Essex Federation of Trades Councils reformed; Chelmsford Association of Scientific Workers; Trades Council publishes the first edition of Searchlight.

1940
Chelmsford Air Raid Shelter Committee.

1942
Chelmsford Anglo-Soviet Committee; Chelmsford Women at War Committee; Chelmsford National Union of Public Employees; Chelmsford Fire Brigades’ Union.

1943
Chelmsford Co-operative Party; Chelmsford Association of Supervisory Staff, Executives and Technicians.

1945
Chelmsford Common Wealth Party; Common Wealth Party win the Chelmsford Parliamentary seat at a By-election and then the General Election. Chelmsford Labour Party take control of Chelmsford Borough Council and Essex County Council for the first time.

1948
North-East Essex National Union of Journalists.

1950
Chelmsford Peace Council.

1955
Trades Council launches a Clean Food Campaign.

1958
Chelmsford Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.

1961
For the first time Chelmsford has a woman Mayor, Labour member, Jean Roberts.

1966
Chelmsford Peace in Vietnam Committee.

1967
Chelmsford Young Communist League.

1971
Demonstrations against the Industrial Relations Bill and Save the Jobs Campaign as Chelmsford’s factories close and redundancies become the norm.

1974
Trades Council launches its Concessionary Bus Fares Campaign.

1975
Anti-Common Market Campaign; Chelmsford Right to Choose Abortion Campaign.

1976
Confederation of Health Service Employees.

1977
Mid-Essex Campaign to Combat Racism established by Trades Council; Stop the Cuts Campaign; Joint Union Steering Committee; Trades Council renamed Chelmsford and District Trades Union Council.

1979
Concessionary Bus Fare Campaign reactivated; 80th Anniversary Dinner.

1984
Miners’ Strike Fund is Opened and the Solidarity Campaign Begins.

1985
Trades Council and Borough Council establish an Unemployed Centre.

1993
CUE Action establishes a Welfare Rights Centre.

1994
Chelmsford TGWU 1/699 branch starts its historic strike against Eastern National Bus Company and the union inaugurates its free bus service.

1997
The Trades Council launches its Join A Union Campaign.

1998
Essex Firefighters launch their campaign to retain essential fire fighting equipment.

1999
Chelmsford Trades Council website is launched and awarded LabourStart’s website of the week award. In December, it is placed fourth in LabourStart’s website of the year competition, the best placed site in the UK. The Council celebrates its Centenary and launches its campaign to save hospital beds in Mid Essex.

2000
The Save the Hospital Beds’ Campaign is successful.

2003
Chelmsford TUC and Oxfam call a meeting to make Chelmsford a Fairtrade Town.

2005
Chelmsford is granted Fairtrade Town status - the first town in Essex to achieve the award.

2007
Chelmsford TUC launches its Statement Against Racism and Fascism which receives widespread community support.

2010
Chelmsford Against The Cuts.

2012
United Chelmsford is launched to oppose the English Defence League’s plan to march in Chelmsford. The Statement Against Racism and Fascism is relaunched to embrace Islamophobia.
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Chelmsford Bus Strike 1937
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